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Solar Semantics: Every Thing under the Sun

A new paper from our group has been published at the Next-Generation Internet of Things Infrastructures Workshop of the 12th International Conference on the Internet of Things: Every Thing Under the Sun: How Web of Things and Semantic Data Brings Benefit to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Installations

Abstract: Small-scale photovoltaic (PV) systems of up to a few kilowatts capacities are becoming increasingly available and affordable for off-grid installations. However, in our experience with using PV energy in farming in India, we found that many installations had faults or were lying underutilized. Though integrating such systems into IoT applications is now practical, analyzing the system’s performance and utilization requires knowledge of the components and the system design. Off-band infusion of this knowledge into the software applications leads to tight coupling and vertical silos. To address this challenge, we have developed an ontology to describe small-scale PV installations, which enables us to represent subsystems and their components in the form of Web of Things (WoT) Thing Descriptions. We show that our approach results in technical and semantic integration of the PV system into IoT applications, allowing the development of reusable fault detection and optimization programs. This reduces the cost of developing solutions to monitor and optimize the usage of PV systems, thereby bringing benefits to the farming community by improving their livelihood.

Author: Simon Mayer

Date: 26. November 2022